This is the second in a series of articles designed to help you determine how well projects in your portfolio are being managed. Part one of this series provided three indicators related to process, people, and results. This article is designed to help you ascertain the quality of a project’s work plan so you can ensure your project portfolio delivers its intended contribution to your organization’s strategic plan.
Over the years, I have fine-tuned my ability to pick up a project manager’s work plan and determine if it is a good one or not. While I have been complimented many times as a ‘power user’ of Microsoft Project*, this article is intended to be tool-agnostic.
Using a tool designed for something other than project management to plan, manage, and control project portfolios is remarkably common. A lot of tracking (and likely, not a lot of managing) is going on if the work plan exists in a:
Tabular data management tool
Spreadsheets are wonderful for capturing and understanding your data. When I see Microsoft Excel* or similar tools used to create work plans, it is usually in organizations prioritizing budget and cost over scope and schedule or prioritizing something else overtraining their portfolio and project managers.
Typically, a work plan in spreadsheet form has calendar weeks as columns and resource names as rows, with hours per week for each resource designated accordingly. Totals based on resources and by weeks are included, along with subtotals and grand totals. Hours are readily converted to costs by applying an hourly rate.
Or, portfolio management can be simulated with the resources as columns, projects as rows, and percent allocation reflected for each resource. Percentages are totaled to ensure each resource is fully allocated. But over-allocations abound when ‘projects’ like vacations, volunteering, and training are not reflected, and when basic rules of thumb are not considered (for example, productivity decreases by when a third project is assigned to one resource).
In both scenarios, cost and resource information is disconnected from the work, leaving little or no ability to understand the implications of changes or variances.
Workflow management tool
These tools may be leveraged to either reveal or improve a process, track ongoing work, and may lack the structure necessary to support a project manager’s responsibility to effectively guide the team towards a result.
There is no denying that collaboration and communication are keys to successful project portfolio management. Using a tool designed only for collaboration focuses primarily on the current activity of the team and tracking related communication and documentation for ease of reference.
Ticket management tool.
Tools are designed to track anything from defects and tasks to issues and risks do just that: track. While capturing estimates and resource assignments may be possible, few are designed to effectively support large, complex projects with durations longer than three weeks, or to create interdependencies that help structure and predict the path to the result.
Right tool incorrect use
Even when the project portfolio’s work plan is created in a tool that best supports the complex nature of delivering an organization’s strategy, there is more to discover. A lot of tracking is going on if you have ever seen a work plan that:
Jan Schiller, PMP, PSM1, FLMI, is a partner with Berkshire Consulting, LLC. She specializes in revealing the path from where an organization is to where they want to be. Over the past 30 years, Jan has been focused on linking strategy to results with project management in the financial services, investment, health, beverage, learning management and life sciences industries. She has helped her clients with the adoption of project management best practices; streamlining business processes; addressing regulations; achieving competitive advantage and much more. In addition to being quoted twice in PMNetwork Magazine, she’s also discussed how to develop a PMO Project’s scope statement on Phoenix Business RadioX (podcast). Jan writes about scope, portfolio management, methodologies, and PMO.